Prevention of prostate cancer: early diagnosis
To recognize the disease in time and start treatment, you need to prevent prostate cancer, which consists of regular medical examinations.
This is especially true for those men who:
- they are inherently predisposed to prostate cancer;
- they had a vasectomy;
- they are diagnosed with prostate adenoma.
Medical centers also help prevent prostate cancer by offering patients regular preventive screening, i.e. rapid and accurate examination of the prostate for the presence of pathological changes. Preventive urological screening in the conditions of well-equipped clinics in Israel is an excellent method of preventing prostate tumors and makes it possible to detect any changes in its structure at the earliest stages. The widespread introduction of screening in the development of prostate cancer treatment programs in Israel has already reduced the death rate from this type of cancer tenfold.
The standard program of preventive prostate examination includes the following methods:
- PSA blood test – a method for early detection of prostate cancer, allows you to diagnose the disease at the earliest stage;
- Transrectal ultrasound is an imaging method for examining the structure, structure, and presence of pathological changes in the prostate gland;
- Rectal finger examination of the prostate gland to detect nodes in it, whether there are tumors;
- A multifocal prostate biopsy is a diagnostic method used when a tumor is detected in the prostate gland. It allows you to accurately determine the histological type of the tumor and plan further actions.
Doctors who treat cancer in Israel, say that preventive urological screening in clinical settings should be held once a year for men at the age of 50. Men who have a genetic predisposition to cancer, experts recommend that they start undergoing preventive examinations when they reach 35-40 years of age.
Sports and prostate health
Doctors all over the world promote a healthy lifestyle that includes sports and an active lifestyle. The simplest manifestations of an active lifestyle are gymnastics, exercise, and Cycling.
Do not get involved in heavy sports. Physical therapy, walking, and squats are enough for your health. These exercises will strengthen the muscles and disperse the blood.
It is also very useful to swim in a pool or open reservoirs. This type of load improves the blood circulation of the pelvic organs and is not perceived as a stress for the body.
Methods of cancer prevention
No one can change the unmodified risk factors that affect prostate cancer. But everyone can follow the rules that will help significantly reduce the possibility of developing a malignant tumor and preserve their health for as long as possible.
Regular visits to the urologist should be mandatory, even if there are no disturbing symptoms or discomfort during urination or sexual intercourse. This is especially true for men whose families had patients with adenoma or prostate cancer.
Modern medical centers today offer a standard program of preventive examination for changes in the structure of the prostate, which makes it possible to detect pathologies at the earliest stages.
Men over 50 years of age are recommended to undergo urological preventive screening at least once a year. Men who are at risk for a genetic factor, such examinations should begin at the age of 35-40 years.
Prevention: good nutrition
It is well known that proper nutrition is a panacea not only for prostate cancer. This is the key to a long and healthy life.
There are basic rules of nutrition, observing which you can prolong a happy life on Earth.
- With age, the calorific value of food should be reduced by carbohydrates (bread, sugar, potatoes).
- Regular meals 4-5 times a day.
- A large percentage of vegetables and fruits in the food. They contain a lot of vitamins and fiber.
- You must drink at least 2 liters of water a day.
- It is worth eating low-calorie fermented milk products.
- Dinner should be no later than two hours before bedtime.
- The body cannot absorb enough vitamins and minerals from food. It is necessary to take vitamin complexes.
- Food should be minimally salty.
- Do not eat fried foods and fatty foods.
- Of course, it is worth giving up the use of alcoholic beverages.
A balanced diet has a positive effect on the state of the prostate. A healthy food system is considered if it contains:
- tomatoes and tomato juice as a source of the powerful antioxidant lycopene;
- all types of cabbage;
- fresh vegetables and fruits rich in fiber;
- dietary poultry meat;
- sea fish;
- bran bread;
- nuts and seeds;
- vegetable oil;
All these products exhibit the properties of onkoprotektor. It is necessary to minimize the content in the diet or completely abandon fatty meats, pastry, whole milk, fast food.
Their constant use leads to hormonal failure and proliferation of cells in the prostate, which in combination with other risk factors can lead to the appearance of malignancy.
Supplement proper nutrition andrologists recommend vitamin and mineral complexes, the composition of which is specially designed to maintain men's health and has a positive effect on the state of the prostate.
Obesity, as a result of poor nutrition and reduced physical activity, leads to an increase in the likelihood of serious diseases, including prostate cancer.
Reasonable cardio loads, running, skating, Cycling, and long walks allow you to maintain not only a normal weight but also General well-being and help reduce the risk of prostate cancer.
One of the directions in the prevention of prostate cancer is the practice of regular sexual activity. It is believed that ejaculation occurring at least three times a week reduces the possibility of getting prostate cancer by 25%. Normal, healthy sex is a fundamental factor in maintaining men's health for many years to come.
Bad habits — addiction to alcohol and Smoking-having a negative impact on health in general, can not but affect the state of the male genitourinary system. To refuse them is simply necessary, especially for older people, so as not to increase the chances of a malignant prostate tumor.
The best preventive treatment for prostate cancer is a comprehensive system based on healthy habits and a reasonable, attentive attitude to your body.
Medications for prevention
Medicines also occupy a certain place in the system of preventive measures against cancer.
The action of drugs from the group of 5-alpha reductase inhibitors reduces the production of dihydrotestosterone, the main hormone that causes cell proliferation in the prostate tissue.
Clinical studies of two inhibitors, Finasteride and Dutasteride, have shown their good effect as agents that reduce the risk of prostate cancer, as well as for problems with urination and incontinence.
However, both drugs cause side effects-a decrease in libido and a deterioration in potency, and therefore men should only take them on the recommendation of a doctor based on individual indications.
Another group of medications, representatives of which reduce the possibility of malignant formations in the prostate, are statins. Besides, according to several studies, taking statins significantly slows down the tumor process in the prostate.
Interest in the prospects of drug prevention of prostate cancer never wanes, large-scale research by leading laboratories and clinics is aimed at finding substances that prevent the occurrence of this disease.
Every representative of the stronger sex, regardless of their age, should know about prevention as an opportunity to preserve the health of the prostate gland, the "second heart of a man" for a long time. The implementation of simple recommendations will not only significantly reduce the risk of developing cancer but also improve the quality of life.